Featured Research Articles



Why Do Skilled Immigrants Struggle in the Labour Market?

This study was performed to identify possible biases contributing to why many skilled immigrants struggle to find a job commensurate with their skills in Canada. It was found that Canadian-born individuals with English-sounding names are much more likely to receive a callback for a job interview after sending their resumes compared to foreign-born individuals, even among those with foreign degrees from prestigious schools or among those with the same listed job experience but acquired outside of Canada. It was found that many employers discriminate by the name provided on the resume.

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Canada's Future Labour Market: Immigrants to the Rescue?

With the aging of the population, says Glen Hodgson from the Conference Board of Canada, Canada faces a challenging economic future. The recession has provided temporary relief from tight labour market conditions, but he expects that the national unemployment rate will decrease to 6 percent as the economy recovers. Planning is thus needed to deal with the forthcoming deceleration in labour supply growth, and he argues that immigration can provide an important source of labour market supply and dynamism, if done right. 

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Immigrant Earnings Differences Across Admission Categories and Landing Cohorts in Canada

This research article, written by two Queen's University researchers, uses longitudinal data to document the annual earnings outcomes of Canadian immigrants in four major admission categories (skill-assessed independent economic principal applicants, accompanying economic immigrants, family class immigrants, and refugees) and three annual landing cohorts (those for the years 1982, 1988, and 1994) over the first ten years following their landing in Canada. This study shows that economic recessions appear to have had clearly discernible negative effects on immigrants' earning levels and growth rates.

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Canada’s Demographic Crunch: Can Underrepresented Workers Save Us?

This article, published by the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, outlines major demographic shifts occurring in Canada and the effects of this on the Canadian economy. This discussion paper presents the Canadian Chamber of Commerce’s ideas for addressing the challenge of a demographic crunch head on. According to the President and CEO of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, Perrin Beatty, the research and discussions with members and thought leaders convincingly point to the urgency of concerted actions by governments, and also by the wider business community and other stakeholders, to ensure that Canada can renew its workforce with able people and boost the efficiency of the work our people and businesses do.

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Immigration and Small Business: Ideas to Better Respond to Canada’s Skills and Labour Shortage

This article, published by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business, discusses the implications of Canada’s immigration policy on small businesses in this country. This report notes that, while it is not the only solution to Canada’s skills and labour shortages, immigration can make a significant contribution to this issue.

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People without Jobs, Jobs without People: Ontario’s Labour Market Future

This article, published by Miner Management Consultants, talks about the looming demographic and labour market crisis affecting the economy in Ontario. The report makes the case that we will need a larger workforce and increased skills and that without effective action, we face a future with large numbers of unskilled workers looking for jobs that require skills they possess, and a large number of jobs that will go unfilled.

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The Power of Different: The Race to Bridge the Skills Gap in the Toronto Region

This article, undertaken by the Progress Career Planning Institute (PCPI), is a summary of the Internationally Educated Professionals (IEP) conference that brought together business, education, government, community and accreditation bodies in order to shape practical information on how IEPs can access the Toronto job market in their field of work. The objective of this conference and report is to bring new levels of understanding about the issues facing IEPs in integrating into the Canadian labour market and engage decision makers, so they can collectively work on enhancing strategies that will speed processes and systems in place to break down barriers to integrating IEPs into the labour force.

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Immigrant-Friendly Businesses: Effective Practices for Attracting, Integrating, and Retaining Immigrants in Canadian Workplaces

This report, published by the Conference Board of Canada, looks at how businesses across Canada can attract, integrate, and retain immigrants and international talent. It highlights the value of implementing immigrant-friendly programs and practices to address the needs of immigrants and articulates a number of “keys of success” to attract international top talent.

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*Registration and downloading of this article is free of charge from the Conference Board of Canada website.


Valorizing Immigrants’ Non-Canadian Work Experience

This report, composed by the Canadian Council on Learning’s Work and Learning Knowledge Centre, explores to what extent, and in some cases how, employers, sector councils and organizations (commonly known as Immigrant Settlement Agencies - ISAs) assess and give value to the prior foreign work experience of immigrants. While solutions to recruitment and hiring are as individual as the individual jobs and companies involved, it is the need for skilled workers to help contribute to the prosperity and success of Canadian businesses that will motivate employers to do better in recognizing the qualifications and non-Canadian work experience of immigrant workers in the medium to long term. Major corporations and small businesses will face this situation. However, while large companies may be able to make the necessary investment in resources through human resource departments, some smaller businesses have looked to industry associations to develop collective approaches.

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Research report

Immigrant Labour Market Integration in York Region and Toronto

Identifying Needs and Opportunities for Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises

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